Data set details

Data set description: Spatial features of Lagos (Nigeria)
Source: OpenStreetMap (OSM)
Details on the retrieved data: Hospitals, highways and rivers in Lagos (Nigeria), plotted along with the map studied region.
Spatial and temporal resolution: High-resolution data at city level.

Retrieving Open Street Map data using the osmdata package

osmdata is an R package for downloading data from OpenStreetMap (OSM). This tutorial takes you through the steps of retrieving points of interest in defined geographical areas using the osmdata package, and visualising them using the ggmap and ggplot2 packages.

Installing the osmdata package

We can install and load the osmdata package from CRAN as follows

install.packages("osmdata")
library(osmdata)

Exploring the osmdata package

The osmdata package provides spatial data about a wide range of spatial properties and objects across the world. The available_features() function can be used to get the list of recognized features in OSM. A list of the available features can be found in the OSM wiki.

available_features()
##   [1] "4wd_only"                "abandoned"              
##   [3] "abutters"                "access"                 
##   [5] "addr"                    "addr:city"              
##   [7] "addr:conscriptionnumber" "addr:country"           
##   [9] "addr:district"           "addr:flats"             
##  [11] "addr:full"               "addr:hamlet"            
##  [13] "addr:housename"          "addr:housenumber"       
##  [15] "addr:inclusion"          "addr:interpolation"     
##  [17] "addr:place"              "addr:postbox"           
##  [19] "addr:postcode"           "addr:province"          
##  [21] "addr:state"              "addr:street"            
##  [23] "addr:subdistrict"        "addr:suburb"            
##  [25] "admin_level"             "aeroway"                
##  [27] "agricultural"            "alt_name"               
##  [29] "amenity"                 "area"                   
##  [31] "atv"                     "backward"               
##  [33] "barrier"                 "basin"                  
##  [35] "bdouble"                 "bicycle"                
##  [37] "bicycle_road"            "biergarten"             
##  [39] "boat"                    "border_type"            
##  [41] "boundary"                "bridge"                 
##  [43] "building"                "building:fireproof"     
##  [45] "building:flats"          "building:levels"        
##  [47] "building:min_level"      "building:soft_storey"   
##  [49] "bus_bay"                 "busway"                 
##  [51] "charge"                  "construction"           
##  [53] "construction#Railways"   "covered"                
##  [55] "craft"                   "crossing"               
##  [57] "crossing:island"         "cuisine"                
##  [59] "cutting"                 "cycleway"               
##  [61] "denomination"            "destination"            
##  [63] "diet"                    "diplomatic"             
##  [65] "direction"               "dispensing"             
##  [67] "disused"                 "disused:shop"           
##  [69] "drive_in"                "drive_through"          
##  [71] "ele"                     "electric_bicycle"       
##  [73] "electrified"             "embankment"             
##  [75] "embedded_rails"          "emergency"              
##  [77] "end_date"                "entrance"               
##  [79] "est_width"               "fee"                    
##  [81] "fire_object:type"        "fire_operator"          
##  [83] "fire_rank"               "foot"                   
##  [85] "footway"                 "ford"                   
##  [87] "forestry"                "forward"                
##  [89] "frequency"               "fuel"                   
##  [91] "gauge"                   "golf_cart"              
##  [93] "goods"                   "hazmat"                 
##  [95] "healthcare"              "healthcare:counselling" 
##  [97] "healthcare:speciality"   "height"                 
##  [99] "hgv"                     "highway"                
## [101] "historic"                "horse"                  
## [103] "ice_road"                "incline"                
## [105] "industrial"              "inline_skates"          
## [107] "inscription"             "internet_access"        
## [109] "junction"                "kerb"                   
## [111] "landuse"                 "lanes"                  
## [113] "lanes:bus"               "lanes:psv"              
## [115] "layer"                   "leaf_cycle"             
## [117] "leaf_type"               "leisure"                
## [119] "lhv"                     "lit"                    
## [121] "location"                "man_made"               
## [123] "maxaxleload"             "maxheight"              
## [125] "maxlength"               "maxspeed"               
## [127] "maxstay"                 "maxweight"              
## [129] "maxwidth"                "military"               
## [131] "minspeed"                "mofa"                   
## [133] "moped"                   "motor_vehicle"          
## [135] "motorboat"               "motorcar"               
## [137] "motorcycle"              "motorroad"              
## [139] "mountain_pass"           "mtb:description"        
## [141] "mtb:scale:imba"          "mtb_scale"              
## [143] "name"                    "name:left"              
## [145] "name:right"              "narrow"                 
## [147] "natural"                 "noexit"                 
## [149] "non_existent_levels"     "note"                   
## [151] "nudism"                  "office"                 
## [153] "official_name"           "old_name"               
## [155] "oneway"                  "opening_hours"          
## [157] "operator"                "organic"                
## [159] "oven"                    "overtaking"             
## [161] "parking:condition"       "parking:lane"           
## [163] "passing_places"          "place"                  
## [165] "power"                   "priority_road"          
## [167] "produce"                 "proposed"               
## [169] "protected_area"          "psv"                    
## [171] "public_transport"        "railway"                
## [173] "railway:preserved"       "railway:track_ref"      
## [175] "recycling_type"          "ref"                    
## [177] "religion"                "residential"            
## [179] "roadtrain"               "route"                  
## [181] "sac_scale"               "service"                
## [183] "service_times"           "shelter_type"           
## [185] "shop"                    "short_name"             
## [187] "sidewalk"                "site"                   
## [189] "ski"                     "smoothness"             
## [191] "social_facility"         "sorting_name"           
## [193] "speed_pedelec"           "start_date"             
## [195] "step_count"              "substation"             
## [197] "surface"                 "tactile_paving"         
## [199] "tank"                    "tidal"                  
## [201] "toilets:wheelchair"      "toll"                   
## [203] "tourism"                 "tracks"                 
## [205] "tracktype"               "traffic_calming"        
## [207] "traffic_sign"            "trail_visibility"       
## [209] "trailblazed"             "trailblazed:visibility" 
## [211] "tunnel"                  "turn"                   
## [213] "type"                    "usage"                  
## [215] "vehicle"                 "vending"                
## [217] "voltage"                 "water"                  
## [219] "wheelchair"              "wholesale"              
## [221] "width"                   "winter_road"            
## [223] "wood"

The available_tags() function lists out the tags associated with each feature. The tags associated with the feature “amenity” can be retrieved as follows.

available_tags("amenity")
##   [1] "animal_boarding"        "animal_breeding"        "animal_shelter"        
##   [4] "arts_centre"            "atm"                    "baby_hatch"            
##   [7] "baking_oven"            "bank"                   "bar"                   
##  [10] "bbq"                    "bench"                  "bicycle_parking"       
##  [13] "bicycle_rental"         "bicycle_repair_station" "biergarten"            
##  [16] "boat_rental"            "boat_sharing"           "brothel"               
##  [19] "bureau_de_change"       "bus_station"            "cafe"                  
##  [22] "car_rental"             "car_sharing"            "car_wash"              
##  [25] "casino"                 "charging_station"       "childcare"             
##  [28] "cinema"                 "clinic"                 "clock"                 
##  [31] "college"                "community_centre"       "conference_centre"     
##  [34] "courthouse"             "crematorium"            "dentist"               
##  [37] "dive_centre"            "doctors"                "dog_toilet"            
##  [40] "drinking_water"         "driving_school"         "embassy"               
##  [43] "events_venue"           "fast_food"              "ferry_terminal"        
##  [46] "fire_station"           "food_court"             "fountain"              
##  [49] "freeshop"               "fuel"                   "funeral_hall"          
##  [52] "gambling"               "give_box"               "grave_yard"            
##  [55] "grit_bin"               "gym"                    "hospital"              
##  [58] "hunting_stand"          "ice_cream"              "internet_cafe"         
##  [61] "kick-scooter_rental"    "kindergarten"           "kitchen"               
##  [64] "kneipp_water_cure"      "language_school"        "library"               
##  [67] "lounger"                "love_hotel"             "marketplace"           
##  [70] "monastery"              "motorcycle_parking"     "music_school"          
##  [73] "nightclub"              "nursing_home"           "parking"               
##  [76] "parking_entrance"       "parking_space"          "pharmacy"              
##  [79] "photo_booth"            "place_of_mourning"      "place_of_worship"      
##  [82] "planetarium"            "police"                 "post_box"              
##  [85] "post_depot"             "post_office"            "prison"                
##  [88] "pub"                    "public_bath"            "public_bookcase"       
##  [91] "public_building"        "ranger_station"         "recycling"             
##  [94] "refugee_site"           "restaurant"             "sanitary_dump_station" 
##  [97] "school"                 "shelter"                "shower"                
## [100] "social_centre"          "social_facility"        "stripclub"             
## [103] "studio"                 "swingerclub"            "taxi"                  
## [106] "telephone"              "theatre"                "toilets"               
## [109] "townhall"               "toy_library"            "university"            
## [112] "vehicle_inspection"     "vending_machine"        "veterinary"            
## [115] "waste_basket"           "waste_disposal"         "waste_transfer_station"
## [118] "water_point"            "watering_place"

Creating a query to download data

Defining the bounding box

The first step in creating an osmdata query is defining the geographical area we want to include in the query. This can be done by defining a bounding box that defines a geographical area by its bounding latitudes and longitudes. The osmdata package provides a function getbb() to retrieve the bounding box of a place using its name. We can now create the bounding box of Lagos, the largest city in Nigeria.

lagos_bb <- getbb("Lagos")
lagos_bb
##        min      max
## x 3.234180 3.554180
## y 6.295058 6.615057

Creating an overpass query

The osmdata package retrieves data from the overpass API, which is a read-only API that serves up custom selected parts of the OSM map data. To retrieve the required features of a place (defined by the bounding box), we have to then create an overpass query. This can be easily done using the opq() function of the osmdata package. Here we use the previously defined bounding box of Lagos to create the overpass query

lagos_bb %>%
  opq()
## $bbox
## [1] "6.2950575,3.2341795,6.6150575,3.5541795"
## 
## $prefix
## [1] "[out:xml][timeout:25];\n(\n"
## 
## $suffix
## [1] ");\n(._;>;);\nout body;"
## 
## $features
## NULL
## 
## attr(,"class")
## [1] "list"           "overpass_query"
## attr(,"nodes_only")
## [1] FALSE

Retrieving the osmdata object

Then, the add_osm_feature() function can be used to add the required features to the query, using the features and tags we explored earlier in this tutorial. This query specified in terms of key-value is used to retreive data on hospitals in Lagos.

There are two primary osmdata functions for obtaining data from a query: osmdata_sf() and osmdata_sp(), which return data in simple features (sf) and spatial (sp) formats, respectively. Here, we use the osmdata_sf() function to obtain a simple feature object of the resultant query.

lagos_hospitals <- lagos_bb %>%
  opq() %>%
  add_osm_feature(key = "amenity", value = "hospital") %>%
  osmdata_sf()

Understanding the osmdata object

The osmdata objects will contain the following components

  • A bounding box used in query
  • The call submitted to the overpass API
  • Meta data about the object such as timestamp and version numbers
  • Spatial data - some of which may be empty depending on the type of data retrieved

The following is the osmdata object retrieved by querying the hospitals in Lagos

lagos_hospitals

Note how each component of the osmdata objects is preceded by a $ symbol and some of them are NULL. This is expected, since we queried for hospitals in Lagos, and they are represented using points and polygons only. We can also print out each of these components and explore each of them for a better understanding of them.

# bounding box used in query
lagos_hospitals$bbox
## [1] "6.2950575,3.2341795,6.6150575,3.5541795"
# metadata
lagos_hospitals$meta
## $timestamp
## [1] "[ Tue 3 Nov 2021 04:15:35 ]"
## 
## $OSM_version
## [1] "0.6"
## 
## $overpass_version
## [1] "Overpass API 0.7.56.8 7d656e78"

Note how the Spatial data returned by the query are Simple Feature objects as we requested using theosmdata_sf() function, and how the polygons also contain more details about the hospitals such as their names, websites, wikipedia pages etc. where available.

# osm_points
lagos_hospitals$osm_points
##                osm_id           name  amenity barrier          fixme
## 815678325   815678325           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 928544939   928544939           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 1209198481 1209198481           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 1209198504 1209198504           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 1209198747 1209198747           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3024218835 3024218835           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3845787945 3845787945           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3845787949 3845787949           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3845787951 3845787951           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452305 3971452305           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452306 3971452306           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452308 3971452308           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452309 3971452309           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452310 3971452310           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452311 3971452311           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452313 3971452313           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452320 3971452320           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452325 3971452325           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452326 3971452326           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 3971452327 3971452327           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 4872475575 4872475575 Rojafia Clinic hospital    <NA> check location
## 5003771248 5003771248           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 5003771251 5003771251           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
## 5108402958 5108402958           <NA>     <NA>    <NA>           <NA>
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## 5368369017 5368369017           <NA>     <NA>    gate           <NA>
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## 5108402969 3.368232, 6.531095
## 5368369008 3.436958, 6.446001
## 5368369009 3.437062, 6.445711
## 5368369010 3.437265, 6.445780
## 5368369011 3.437304, 6.445680
## 5368369012 3.437461, 6.445667
## 5368369013 3.437495, 6.445537
## 5368369014 3.437512, 6.445457
## 5368369015 3.437887, 6.445583
## 5368369016 3.437645, 6.446244
## 5368369017 3.437305, 6.446124
## 5368369018 3.437620, 6.446236
## 5368369019 3.437822, 6.445763
## 5368369020 3.437285, 6.446117
## 5368369021 3.437230, 6.446098
## 5468198817 3.356857, 6.583489
## 5468198818 3.357357, 6.583683
## 5468198819 3.357459, 6.583432
## 5468198820 3.356959, 6.583233
## 5485019593 3.437683, 6.445515
## 5574104367 3.352349, 6.518826
## 5590376760 3.369537, 6.530125
## 5590376778 3.368175, 6.532734
## 5670558805 3.420752, 6.433123
## 5670558806 3.420635, 6.432683
## 5670558807 3.420147, 6.432817
## 5670558808 3.420131, 6.432891
## 5670558811 3.420091, 6.432902
## 5670558812 3.420139, 6.432855
## 5670558813 3.420079, 6.432905
## 5670558814 3.420182, 6.433274
## 5670558815 3.420159, 6.433190
## 5670558819 3.420589, 6.432696
## 5670558820 3.420413, 6.432744
## 5673266157 3.456025, 6.439484
## 5673266158 3.456150, 6.439602
## 5673266159 3.456153, 6.439727
## 5673266160 3.456399, 6.439725
## 5673266161 3.456399, 6.439683
## 5673266162 3.456421, 6.439660
## 5673266163 3.456458, 6.439660
## 5673266164 3.456459, 6.439445
## 5673266165 3.456269, 6.439444
## 5673266166 3.456152, 6.439358
## 5697741690 3.392379, 6.455289
## 5697741691 3.392504, 6.455109
## 5697741692 3.392465, 6.455050
## 6055532846 3.505188, 6.434465
## 6055532857 3.505698, 6.435039
## 6055532858 3.505683, 6.434509
## 6055533133 3.505159, 6.434920
## 6055533134 3.505224, 6.434992
## 6055533135 3.505194, 6.434986
## 6055533136 3.505172, 6.434974
## 6055533137 3.505159, 6.434951
## 6055533138 3.505173, 6.434703
## 6055533139 3.505180, 6.434594
## 6055533140 3.505210, 6.434627
## 6055533141 3.505204, 6.434694
## 6173422207 3.429080, 6.443328
## 6173422208 3.429164, 6.443348
## 6173422209 3.429503, 6.442401
## 6173422210 3.429207, 6.442413
## 6173422211 3.428992, 6.442497
## 6173422212 3.428983, 6.442478
## 6173422213 3.428919, 6.442470
## 6173422214 3.428870, 6.442419
## 6173422215 3.428818, 6.442402
## 6173422216 3.428598, 6.442351
## 6173422217 3.428733, 6.442983
## 6173422218 3.429098, 6.443054
## 6173422219 3.429132, 6.443095
## 6173422248 3.428666, 6.442668
## 6173422249 3.429271, 6.443050
## 6291446247 3.368195, 6.532161
## 6291446248 3.367951, 6.531092
## 6291446249 3.367964, 6.530535
## 6291446250 3.369528, 6.532792
## 6291446251 3.372481, 6.532931
## 6291446252 3.370984, 6.532846
## 6291446258 3.373569, 6.531917
## 6291446259 3.373586, 6.530506
## 6293765659 3.397704, 6.446925
## 6293765830 3.396653, 6.446841
## 6293765831 3.396453, 6.446995
## 6293765848 3.396098, 6.448374
## 6293765849 3.395820, 6.448513
## 6293765850 3.396182, 6.448334
## 6293765859 3.396558, 6.448137
## 6293765860 3.396523, 6.448165
## 6293765861 3.396475, 6.448105
## 6293765868 3.396852, 6.447934
## 6293765869 3.396706, 6.448049
## 6293765878 3.395411, 6.447756
## 6293765879 3.395415, 6.447686
## 6293765880 3.396053, 6.447286
## 6293765881 3.397341, 6.446305
## 6293765882 3.397754, 6.446875
## 6293765883 3.397677, 6.446949
## 6293765884 3.395765, 6.448404
## 6293765989 3.396711, 6.446794
## 6293765990 3.396966, 6.446600
## 6293765993 3.397053, 6.446533
## 6293765994 3.397395, 6.446375
## 6293765997 3.396788, 6.446736
## 6293766005 3.397609, 6.447372
## 6293766009 3.395753, 6.448384
## 6621362892 3.340182, 6.590819
## 6621362900 3.340150, 6.590782
## 6621362907 3.344477, 6.591000
## 6621362908 3.344495, 6.591018
## 6621362909 3.344253, 6.591172
## 6621362910 3.343203, 6.591790
## 6621362911 3.343152, 6.591758
## 6621362912 3.343024, 6.591851
## 6621362913 3.343057, 6.591903
## 6621362914 3.343001, 6.591937
## 6621362915 3.342867, 6.591993
## 6621362916 3.342700, 6.592006
## 6621362917 3.342207, 6.591830
## 6621362918 3.340745, 6.591303
## 6621362919 3.340343, 6.591113
## 6621362920 3.340179, 6.591036
## 6621362921 3.340139, 6.590975
## 6621362922 3.340142, 6.590937
## 6621362923 3.340209, 6.590850
## 6621362924 3.340131, 6.590759
## 6621362925 3.340804, 6.590096
## 6621362926 3.341067, 6.589856
## 6621362927 3.340560, 6.589361
## 6621362928 3.340033, 6.588839
## 6621362929 3.339742, 6.588523
## 6621362930 3.340085, 6.587911
## 6621362931 3.339769, 6.587274
## 6621362933 3.339897, 6.587071
## 6621362934 3.340321, 6.587199
## 6621362935 3.341048, 6.587426
## 6621362936 3.341233, 6.587239
## 6621362937 3.341662, 6.587692
## 6621362938 3.342234, 6.588273
## 6621362939 3.341898, 6.588593
## 6621362940 3.342051, 6.588734
## 6621362941 3.342566, 6.589264
## 6621362942 3.342869, 6.588976
## 6621362943 3.343341, 6.589467
## 6621362944 3.343827, 6.589973
## 6621362945 3.344661, 6.590839
## 6621362946 3.344554, 6.590985
## 6621362947 3.344530, 6.590964
## 6621362948 3.344492, 6.590988
## 6621362949 3.343041, 6.591845
## 6621362950 3.343119, 6.591781
## 6621363394 3.339829, 6.588374
## 6621363395 3.340041, 6.588020
## 6631907241 3.251014, 6.562768
## 6631907242 3.253526, 6.562004
## 6631907243 3.253009, 6.560000
## 6631907244 3.250371, 6.560697
## 6632501295 3.405792, 6.444326
## 6632501296 3.405836, 6.444822
## 6632501297 3.405390, 6.445121
## 6632501298 3.405032, 6.444712
## 6632501299 3.405438, 6.444382
## 6632501300 3.405575, 6.444269
## 6632501303 3.405176, 6.444592
## 6632598802 3.397951, 6.449428
## 6632598803 3.397612, 6.448922
## 6632598804 3.397369, 6.449083
## 6632598805 3.397708, 6.449589
## 6632598806 3.397239, 6.448899
## 6632598807 3.397096, 6.448683
## 6632598808 3.397681, 6.448626
## 6632598809 3.397314, 6.448906
## 6643960088 3.392363, 6.455310
## 6643960089 3.392412, 6.454979
## 6643960090 3.392174, 6.454817
## 6643960091 3.391989, 6.455093
## 6646450283 3.301209, 6.462104
## 6646450284 3.301746, 6.462111
## 6646464586 3.301348, 6.461415
## 6646464587 3.301348, 6.461619
## 6646464616 3.301413, 6.460422
## 6646464617 3.303298, 6.460407
## 6646464618 3.303142, 6.461220
## 6646464619 3.303417, 6.461593
## 6646464620 3.301806, 6.462674
## 6646464621 3.301670, 6.462407
## 6646464622 3.301830, 6.462314
## 6646464623 3.301845, 6.462117
## 6646464624 3.301384, 6.461418
## 6646464625 3.301409, 6.461154
## 6646464626 3.301374, 6.461076
## 6646464628 3.301392, 6.461335
## 6646465210 3.289576, 6.476061
## 6646465211 3.289882, 6.475791
## 6646465212 3.289537, 6.475405
## 6646465213 3.289429, 6.475500
## 6646465214 3.289389, 6.475456
## 6646465215 3.289192, 6.475631
## 6646465216 3.289473, 6.475461
## 6651321749 3.352040, 6.521166
## 6651321750 3.351782, 6.522047
## 6651321751 3.353084, 6.522132
## 6651321752 3.354080, 6.521948
## 6651321753 3.354124, 6.521976
## 6651321754 3.354154, 6.522063
## 6651321755 3.354242, 6.522049
## 6651321756 3.354234, 6.521952
## 6651321757 3.354277, 6.521908
## 6651321758 3.355092, 6.521732
## 6651321759 3.355240, 6.521699
## 6651321760 3.355237, 6.521332
## 6651321761 3.357764, 6.520762
## 6651321762 3.358659, 6.519614
## 6651321763 3.359009, 6.519162
## 6651321764 3.358944, 6.519079
## 6651321765 3.359678, 6.518116
## 6651321766 3.359681, 6.517984
## 6651321767 3.358795, 6.517387
## 6651321768 3.357488, 6.516464
## 6651321769 3.357346, 6.516356
## 6651321770 3.355902, 6.515265
## 6651321771 3.355620, 6.515288
## 6651321772 3.355072, 6.515907
## 6651321773 3.354952, 6.515941
## 6651321774 3.354169, 6.516633
## 6651321775 3.354210, 6.516869
## 6651321776 3.354160, 6.516889
## 6651321777 3.354014, 6.516936
## 6651321778 3.353968, 6.516953
## 6651321779 3.353944, 6.516838
## 6651321780 3.353074, 6.517621
## 6651321781 3.352467, 6.518158
## 6651321782 3.352324, 6.518283
## 6651321783 3.352366, 6.518653
## 6651321784 3.352401, 6.518785
## 6651327785 3.352282, 6.518879
## 6651327786 3.352187, 6.518813
## 6651327787 3.351822, 6.519022
## 6651327788 3.351559, 6.519238
## 6651327789 3.351356, 6.519409
## 6651327790 3.351325, 6.519517
## 6651327791 3.351384, 6.519677
## 6651327792 3.351570, 6.519987
## 6651327793 3.351650, 6.520158
## 6651327794 3.351700, 6.520464
## 6651327795 3.351861, 6.520802
## 6651327796 3.351994, 6.521136
## 6651327797 3.354198, 6.522056
## 6651327841 3.351929, 6.522405
## 6651327842 3.351880, 6.521925
## 6651327843 3.352073, 6.521419
## 6651327844 3.352028, 6.521608
## 6651327845 3.351965, 6.521782
## 6651402136 3.388971, 6.551568
## 6651402137 3.387358, 6.550476
## 6651402138 3.388153, 6.550860
## 6651980956 3.357057, 6.508862
## 6651980957 3.357605, 6.508639
## 6651980960 3.357110, 6.507955
## 6651980961 3.357822, 6.507772
## 6651980964 3.356887, 6.508001
## 6651980965 3.357388, 6.508740
## 6651980966 3.357833, 6.508317
## 6651980968 3.357908, 6.507889
## 6651980969 3.357703, 6.508548
## 6651980970 3.357165, 6.508835
## 6651980971 3.358018, 6.507977
## 6651980977 3.357100, 6.507894
## 6658508361 3.415044, 6.427686
## 6939725917 3.369322, 6.530076
## 6939838425 3.373607, 6.530888
## 6939838431 3.373406, 6.530490
## 6946504009 3.500043, 6.610555
## 6946504010 3.500392, 6.610321
## 6946504011 3.500891, 6.609809
## 6946504012 3.501245, 6.609587
## 6946504013 3.500851, 6.608902
## 6946504014 3.501013, 6.608781
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## 6946504018 3.499300, 6.607534
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## 7367798454 3.340661, 6.587305
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## 7370274659 3.319354, 6.528497
## 7370274660 3.319411, 6.528497
## 7370274661 3.319491, 6.528495
## 7370274662 3.319639, 6.528529
## 7370274663 3.320121, 6.528590
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## 7370274666 3.320594, 6.527159
## 7370274667 3.319955, 6.527583
## 7370274668 3.319472, 6.525704
## 7370274669 3.317906, 6.526208
## 7370274673 3.320484, 6.528360
## 7370274683 3.317952, 6.527933
## 7370274684 3.318369, 6.528001
## 7370274721 3.319593, 6.528526
## 7370274724 3.319492, 6.528530
## 7389852390 3.361098, 6.495599
## 7389852391 3.361102, 6.495469
## 7389852392 3.361216, 6.495509
## 7389852393 3.361369, 6.495561
## 7389852394 3.361361, 6.495664
## 7389852395 3.361360, 6.495712
## 7403570708 3.368699, 6.532757
## 7435779524 3.522620, 6.592808
## 7435779525 3.522714, 6.592286
## 7435779526 3.522271, 6.592118
## 7435779527 3.522095, 6.592733
## 7435861246 3.500308, 6.607135
## 7440849903 3.415280, 6.427682
## 7440849904 3.415283, 6.427844
## 7440849905 3.415047, 6.427848
## 7441270171 3.370750, 6.511533
## 7441270172 3.371110, 6.511685
## 7441270173 3.371319, 6.511199
## 7443644389 3.355182, 6.515783
## 7511344607 3.464045, 6.428629
## 7511344608 3.464380, 6.428636
## 7511344609 3.464386, 6.428370
## 7511344610 3.464050, 6.428364
## 7514104754 3.371863, 6.509016
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## 7514104757 3.373944, 6.509861
## 7514138547 3.373938, 6.512167
## 7514138548 3.373811, 6.512427
## 7514138549 3.372153, 6.511598
## 7514138550 3.372217, 6.511389
## 7514138551 3.371069, 6.510899
## 7514168587 3.372657, 6.510326
## 7514168588 3.373387, 6.510452
## 7514168589 3.373628, 6.509927
## 7514168590 3.373671, 6.509900
## 7514168591   3.37376, 6.50990
## 7514168592 3.373803, 6.509812
## 7514168593 3.373784, 6.509769
## 7514168594 3.372987, 6.509450
## 7514672901 3.337518, 6.461183
## 7514672902 3.337492, 6.461004
## 7514672903 3.337595, 6.460989
## 7514672904 3.337621, 6.461168
## 7514742492 3.380310, 6.529036
## 7514742493 3.380197, 6.529034
## 7514742494 3.380190, 6.529365
## 7514742495 3.380302, 6.529367
## 7514748951 3.330036, 6.497996
## 7514748952 3.330110, 6.497922
## 7514748953 3.329957, 6.497770
## 7514748954 3.329883, 6.497843
## 7514820374 3.387147, 6.492719
## 7514820375 3.387469, 6.492959
## 7514820376 3.387732, 6.492636
## 7514820377 3.387458, 6.492559
## 7514864048 3.380454, 6.484301
## 7514864049 3.380556, 6.484341
## 7514864050 3.380837, 6.483659
## 7514864051 3.380746, 6.483619
## 8259812489 3.337042, 6.447629
## 8259812490 3.337102, 6.447341
## 8259812491 3.336984, 6.447317
## 8259812492 3.336925, 6.447605
## 9252118367 3.396241, 6.447143
## 9252118368 3.396427, 6.447006
# osm_polyogns
lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons
##              osm_id                                     name addr.city
## 394119616 394119616                 Gbagada General Hospital      <NA>
## 525043228 525043228     National Orthopaedic Hospital Igbobi      <NA>
## 556508170 556508170         Gold Cross Hospital - Bourdillon     Lagos
## 568367654 568367654          Reddington Hospital - Ikeja GRA      <NA>
## 594743340 594743340                      Reddington Hospital      <NA>
## 595195260 595195260   Eye Foundation Hospital & Laser Centre      <NA>
## 643481485 643481485       St. Kizito Clinic & Maternity Ward      <NA>
## 659370489 659370489        Nigerian Police Hospital - Falomo      <NA>
## 672092174 672092174                   General Hospital Lagos      <NA>
## 704991085 704991085 Lagos State University Teaching Hospital      <NA>
## 705800031 705800031         Alimosho General Hospital Igando      <NA>
## 705859954 705859954                     Onikan Health Centre      <NA>
## 705874362 705874362                     St Nicholas Hospital      <NA>
## 705874363 705874363          Lagos Island Maternity Hospital      <NA>
## 707003778 707003778          Massey Street Children Hospital      <NA>
## 707257732 707257732 Amuwo Odofin Maternal & Childcare Centre      <NA>
## 707258933 707258933                            Emel Hospital      <NA>
## 707848334 707848334       Lagos University Teaching Hospital      <NA>
## 707941982 707941982                  Randle General Hospital      <NA>
## 742039132 742039132                 General Hospital Ikorodu      <NA>
## 788305530 788305530                   Isolo General Hospital      <NA>
## 790442209 790442209            Parklande Specialist Hospital      <NA>
## 795018742 795018742                            Health Center      <NA>
## 795540036 795540036                     Glen Eagles Hospital     Lagos
## 795581891 795581891        Lagos Emergency Operations Center      <NA>
## 802983686 802983686      Medison Specialist Women's Hospital     lagos
## 803289541 803289541          Lagos Health Center Harvey Road      <NA>
## 803294342 803294342        Federal Psychiatric Hospital Yaba      <NA>
## 803340531 803340531           Teaching / Specialist Hospital      <NA>
## 803347476 803347476                 MARANATHA MEDICAL CENTER      <NA>
## 803349307 803349307    St. Luke‘s medical center      <NA>
## 803362520 803362520                             Ayeitoro PHC      <NA>
## 803364243 803364243                   Federal Medical Centre      <NA>
## 888425357 888425357                     Abbey Medical Centre      <NA>
##           addr.housenumber           addr.street                  alt_name
## 394119616             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 525043228             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 556508170              17B       Bourdillon Road                      <NA>
## 568367654             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 594743340             <NA>  Idowu Martins Street                      <NA>
## 595195260             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 643481485             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 659370489             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 672092174             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 704991085             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 705800031             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 705859954             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 705874362             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 705874363             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 707003778             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 707257732             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 707258933             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 707848334             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 707941982             <NA>                  <NA> Surulere General Hospital
## 742039132             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 788305530             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 790442209             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 795018742             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 795540036                7      Oju Olobun Close                      <NA>
## 795581891             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 802983686               18 Olatunji Moore Street                      <NA>
## 803289541             <NA>           Harvey Road                      <NA>
## 803294342             <NA>  Murtala Mohammed Way                      <NA>
## 803340531             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 803347476             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 803349307             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 803362520             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 803364243             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
## 888425357             <NA>                  <NA>                      <NA>
##            amenity building emergency health_facility.type healthcare
## 394119616 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 525043228 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 556508170 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 568367654 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 594743340 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 595195260 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 643481485 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 659370489 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 672092174 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 704991085 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 705800031 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 705859954 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 705874362 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 705874363 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 707003778 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 707257732 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 707258933 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 707848334 hospital     <NA>       yes                 <NA>   hospital
## 707941982 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 742039132 hospital     <NA>       yes                 <NA>   hospital
## 788305530 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>       <NA>
## 790442209 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 795018742 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 795540036 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 795581891 hospital     <NA>      <NA>   support_group_home   hospital
## 802983686 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>       <NA>
## 803289541 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 803294342 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 803340531 hospital hospital      <NA>                 <NA>       <NA>
## 803347476 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>   hospital
## 803349307 hospital hospital      <NA>                 <NA>       <NA>
## 803362520 hospital     <NA>      <NA>                 <NA>       <NA>
## 803364243 hospital hospital      <NA>                 <NA>       <NA>
## 888425357 hospital      yes      <NA>                 <NA>       <NA>
##                                     healthcare.speciality level opening_hours
## 394119616                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 525043228                                    orthopaedics  <NA>          <NA>
## 556508170                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 568367654                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 594743340                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 595195260                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 643481485                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 659370489                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 672092174                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 704991085                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 705800031                                         general  <NA>          <NA>
## 705859954                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 705874362                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 705874363                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 707003778                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 707257732                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 707258933                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 707848334                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 707941982                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 742039132 general;gynaecology;surgery;dentist;paediatrics  <NA>          <NA>
## 788305530                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 790442209                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 795018742                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 795540036                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 795581891                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 802983686                                            <NA>   0,1          <NA>
## 803289541                                            <NA>  <NA>          24/7
## 803294342                                            <NA>  <NA>          24/7
## 803340531                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 803347476                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 803349307                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 803362520                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 803364243                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
## 888425357                                            <NA>  <NA>          <NA>
##                   operator short_name             source start_date
## 394119616             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 525043228             <NA>      NOHIL               <NA>       <NA>
## 556508170             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 568367654             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 594743340             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 595195260             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 643481485             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 659370489             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 672092174             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       1893
## 704991085             <NA>     LASUTH               <NA>       <NA>
## 705800031             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 705859954             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 705874362             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 705874363             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 707003778             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 707257732             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 707258933             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 707848334             <NA>       LUTH               <NA>       <NA>
## 707941982             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 742039132 Lagos state Govt       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 788305530             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 790442209             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 795018742             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 795540036             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 795581891   eHealth Africa       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 802983686 Dr L. A. Akinola       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 803289541             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 803294342             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 803340531             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 803347476             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 803349307             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 803362520             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 803364243             <NA>       <NA>               <NA>       <NA>
## 888425357             <NA>       <NA> Google Street view       <NA>
##                                website  wikidata
## 394119616                         <NA> Q48743188
## 525043228  http://www.nohlagos.gov.ng/ Q23023017
## 556508170                         <NA>      <NA>
## 568367654                         <NA>      <NA>
## 594743340                         <NA>      <NA>
## 595195260                         <NA>      <NA>
## 643481485                         <NA>      <NA>
## 659370489                         <NA>      <NA>
## 672092174    http://www.ghlagos.org.ng Q19874986
## 704991085                         <NA> Q28449098
## 705800031                         <NA>      <NA>
## 705859954                         <NA>      <NA>
## 705874362                         <NA> Q18392690
## 705874363                         <NA>      <NA>
## 707003778                         <NA>      <NA>
## 707257732  http://www.amuwomcc.org.ng/      <NA>
## 707258933 https://www.emelhospital.org      <NA>
## 707848334     https://www.luth.org.ng/ Q17109134
## 707941982                         <NA>      <NA>
## 742039132                         <NA>      <NA>
## 788305530                         <NA>      <NA>
## 790442209                         <NA>      <NA>
## 795018742                         <NA>      <NA>
## 795540036                         <NA>      <NA>
## 795581891                         <NA>      <NA>
## 802983686                         <NA>      <NA>
## 803289541                         <NA>      <NA>
## 803294342                         <NA>      <NA>
## 803340531                         <NA>      <NA>
## 803347476                         <NA>      <NA>
## 803349307                         <NA>      <NA>
## 803362520                         <NA>      <NA>
## 803364243                         <NA>      <NA>
## 888425357                         <NA>      <NA>
##                                             wikipedia
## 394119616                 en:Gbagada General Hospital
## 525043228            en:National Orthopaedic Hospital
## 556508170                                        <NA>
## 568367654                                        <NA>
## 594743340                                        <NA>
## 595195260                                        <NA>
## 643481485                                        <NA>
## 659370489                                        <NA>
## 672092174            en:Lagos Island General Hospital
## 704991085 en:Lagos State University Teaching Hospital
## 705800031                                        <NA>
## 705859954                                        <NA>
## 705874362             en:St. Nicholas Hospital, Lagos
## 705874363                                        <NA>
## 707003778                                        <NA>
## 707257732                                        <NA>
## 707258933                                        <NA>
## 707848334       en:Lagos University Teaching Hospital
## 707941982                                        <NA>
## 742039132                                        <NA>
## 788305530                                        <NA>
## 790442209                                        <NA>
## 795018742                                        <NA>
## 795540036                                        <NA>
## 795581891                                        <NA>
## 802983686                                        <NA>
## 803289541                                        <NA>
## 803294342                                        <NA>
## 803340531                                        <NA>
## 803347476                                        <NA>
## 803349307                                        <NA>
## 803362520                                        <NA>
## 803364243                                        <NA>
## 888425357                                        <NA>
##                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     geometry
## 394119616                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.387942, 3.387016, 3.386682, 3.384838, 3.386569, 3.387358, 3.388153, 3.388294, 3.388971, 3.388753, 3.388627, 3.388594, 3.388101, 3.388003, 3.387942, 6.554221, 6.554110, 6.554397, 6.552517, 6.551142, 6.550476, 6.550860, 6.550994, 6.551568, 6.551951, 6.551981, 6.552215, 6.553226, 6.554082, 6.554221
## 525043228                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.368175, 3.368195, 3.368232, 3.367951, 3.367964, 3.367678, 3.367687, 3.369322, 3.369537, 3.370073, 3.371549, 3.372454, 3.372867, 3.373406, 3.373586, 3.373607, 3.373613, 3.373602, 3.373569, 3.373559, 3.373572, 3.373350, 3.372481, 3.370984, 3.369528, 3.368699, 3.368175, 6.532734, 6.532161, 6.531095, 6.531092, 6.530535, 6.530525, 6.529706, 6.530076, 6.530125, 6.530292, 6.530564, 6.530365, 6.530471, 6.530490, 6.530506, 6.530888, 6.530983, 6.531487, 6.531917, 6.532047, 6.532455, 6.533154, 6.532931, 6.532846, 6.532792, 6.532757, 6.532734
## 556508170                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.436958, 3.437062, 3.437265, 3.437304, 3.437461, 3.437495, 3.437512, 3.437683, 3.437887, 3.437822, 3.437645, 3.437620, 3.437305, 3.437285, 3.437230, 3.436958, 6.446001, 6.445711, 6.445780, 6.445680, 6.445667, 6.445537, 6.445457, 6.445515, 6.445583, 6.445763, 6.446244, 6.446236, 6.446124, 6.446117, 6.446098, 6.446001
## 568367654                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.356857, 3.357357, 3.357459, 3.356959, 3.356857, 6.583489, 6.583683, 6.583432, 6.583233, 6.583489
## 594743340                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.420182, 3.420752, 3.420635, 3.420589, 3.420413, 3.420147, 3.420139, 3.420131, 3.420091, 3.420079, 3.420159, 3.420182, 6.433274, 6.433123, 6.432683, 6.432696, 6.432744, 6.432817, 6.432855, 6.432891, 6.432902, 6.432905, 6.433190, 6.433274
## 595195260                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.456025, 3.456150, 3.456153, 3.456399, 3.456399, 3.456421, 3.456458, 3.456459, 3.456269, 3.456152, 3.456025, 6.439484, 6.439602, 6.439727, 6.439725, 6.439683, 6.439660, 6.439660, 6.439445, 6.439444, 6.439358, 6.439484
## 643481485                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.505188, 3.505180, 3.505210, 3.505204, 3.505173, 3.505159, 3.505159, 3.505172, 3.505194, 3.505224, 3.505698, 3.505683, 3.505188, 6.434465, 6.434594, 6.434627, 6.434694, 6.434703, 6.434920, 6.434951, 6.434974, 6.434986, 6.434992, 6.435039, 6.434509, 6.434465
## 659370489                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.429080, 3.429164, 3.429271, 3.429503, 3.429207, 3.428992, 3.428983, 3.428919, 3.428870, 3.428818, 3.428598, 3.428666, 3.428733, 3.429098, 3.429132, 3.429080, 6.443328, 6.443348, 6.443050, 6.442401, 6.442413, 6.442497, 6.442478, 6.442470, 6.442419, 6.442402, 6.442351, 6.442668, 6.442983, 6.443054, 6.443095, 6.443328
## 672092174                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.395820, 3.395765, 3.395753, 3.395740, 3.395523, 3.395411, 3.395415, 3.396053, 3.396241, 3.396427, 3.396453, 3.396653, 3.396711, 3.396788, 3.396966, 3.397053, 3.397341, 3.397395, 3.397754, 3.397704, 3.397677, 3.397712, 3.397854, 3.397627, 3.397609, 3.396852, 3.396706, 3.396558, 3.396523, 3.396475, 3.396182, 3.396098, 3.395820, 6.448513, 6.448404, 6.448384, 6.448361, 6.447960, 6.447756, 6.447686, 6.447286, 6.447143, 6.447006, 6.446995, 6.446841, 6.446794, 6.446736, 6.446600, 6.446533, 6.446305, 6.446375, 6.446875, 6.446925, 6.446949, 6.447000, 6.447192, 6.447358, 6.447372, 6.447934, 6.448049, 6.448137, 6.448165, 6.448105, 6.448334, 6.448374, 6.448513
## 704991085                                                                                                                                             3.344492, 3.344530, 3.344554, 3.344661, 3.343827, 3.343341, 3.342869, 3.342566, 3.342051, 3.341898, 3.342234, 3.341662, 3.341233, 3.341048, 3.340661, 3.340321, 3.339897, 3.339871, 3.339769, 3.340085, 3.340041, 3.339829, 3.339742, 3.340033, 3.340560, 3.341067, 3.340804, 3.340131, 3.340150, 3.340182, 3.340209, 3.340142, 3.340139, 3.340179, 3.340343, 3.340745, 3.342207, 3.342700, 3.342867, 3.343001, 3.343057, 3.343024, 3.343041, 3.343119, 3.343152, 3.343203, 3.344253, 3.344495, 3.344477, 3.344492, 6.590988, 6.590964, 6.590985, 6.590839, 6.589973, 6.589467, 6.588976, 6.589264, 6.588734, 6.588593, 6.588273, 6.587692, 6.587239, 6.587426, 6.587305, 6.587199, 6.587071, 6.587113, 6.587274, 6.587911, 6.588020, 6.588374, 6.588523, 6.588839, 6.589361, 6.589856, 6.590096, 6.590759, 6.590782, 6.590819, 6.590850, 6.590937, 6.590975, 6.591036, 6.591113, 6.591303, 6.591830, 6.592006, 6.591993, 6.591937, 6.591903, 6.591851, 6.591845, 6.591781, 6.591758, 6.591790, 6.591172, 6.591018, 6.591000, 6.590988
## 705800031                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.251014, 3.253526, 3.253009, 3.250371, 3.251014, 6.562768, 6.562004, 6.560000, 6.560697, 6.562768
## 705859954                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.405792, 3.405836, 3.405390, 3.405032, 3.405176, 3.405438, 3.405575, 3.405792, 6.444326, 6.444822, 6.445121, 6.444712, 6.444592, 6.444382, 6.444269, 6.444326
## 705874362                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.397951, 3.397612, 3.397369, 3.397708, 3.397951, 6.449428, 6.448922, 6.449083, 6.449589, 6.449428
## 705874363                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.397239, 3.397096, 3.397146, 3.397503, 3.397583, 3.397681, 3.397314, 3.397239, 6.448899, 6.448683, 6.448640, 6.448392, 6.448494, 6.448626, 6.448906, 6.448899
## 707003778                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.392363, 3.392379, 3.392504, 3.392465, 3.392412, 3.392174, 3.391989, 3.392363, 6.455310, 6.455289, 6.455109, 6.455050, 6.454979, 6.454817, 6.455093, 6.455310
## 707257732                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3.301413, 3.303298, 3.303142, 3.303417, 3.303055, 3.301806, 3.301670, 3.301830, 3.301845, 3.301746, 3.301209, 3.301348, 3.301348, 3.301384, 3.301392, 3.301409, 3.301374, 3.301413, 6.460422, 6.460407, 6.461220, 6.461593, 6.461788, 6.462674, 6.462407, 6.462314, 6.462117, 6.462111, 6.462104, 6.461619, 6.461415, 6.461418, 6.461335, 6.461154, 6.461076, 6.460422
## 707258933                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.289576, 3.289882, 3.289537, 3.289473, 3.289429, 3.289389, 3.289192, 3.289576, 6.476061, 6.475791, 6.475405, 6.475461, 6.475500, 6.475456, 6.475631, 6.476061
## 707848334 3.352040, 3.352073, 3.352028, 3.351965, 3.351880, 3.351782, 3.351929, 3.353084, 3.354080, 3.354124, 3.354154, 3.354198, 3.354242, 3.354234, 3.354277, 3.355092, 3.355240, 3.355237, 3.357764, 3.358659, 3.359009, 3.358944, 3.359678, 3.359681, 3.358795, 3.357488, 3.357346, 3.355902, 3.355620, 3.355182, 3.355072, 3.354952, 3.354169, 3.354210, 3.354160, 3.354014, 3.353968, 3.353944, 3.353074, 3.352467, 3.352324, 3.352366, 3.352401, 3.352349, 3.352282, 3.352187, 3.351822, 3.351559, 3.351356, 3.351325, 3.351384, 3.351570, 3.351650, 3.351700, 3.351861, 3.351994, 3.352040, 6.521166, 6.521419, 6.521608, 6.521782, 6.521925, 6.522047, 6.522405, 6.522132, 6.521948, 6.521976, 6.522063, 6.522056, 6.522049, 6.521952, 6.521908, 6.521732, 6.521699, 6.521332, 6.520762, 6.519614, 6.519162, 6.519079, 6.518116, 6.517984, 6.517387, 6.516464, 6.516356, 6.515265, 6.515288, 6.515783, 6.515907, 6.515941, 6.516633, 6.516869, 6.516889, 6.516936, 6.516953, 6.516838, 6.517621, 6.518158, 6.518283, 6.518653, 6.518785, 6.518826, 6.518879, 6.518813, 6.519022, 6.519238, 6.519409, 6.519517, 6.519677, 6.519987, 6.520158, 6.520464, 6.520802, 6.521136, 6.521166
## 707941982                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.356887, 3.357110, 3.357100, 3.357822, 3.357908, 3.358018, 3.357833, 3.357703, 3.357605, 3.357388, 3.357165, 3.357057, 3.356887, 6.508001, 6.507955, 6.507894, 6.507772, 6.507889, 6.507977, 6.508317, 6.508548, 6.508639, 6.508740, 6.508835, 6.508862, 6.508001
## 742039132                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3.500043, 3.500392, 3.500891, 3.501245, 3.500851, 3.501013, 3.500343, 3.500308, 3.500287, 3.500096, 3.499300, 3.498622, 3.499041, 3.500043, 6.610555, 6.610321, 6.609809, 6.609587, 6.608902, 6.608781, 6.607659, 6.607135, 6.606821, 6.606623, 6.607534, 6.608256, 6.608942, 6.610555
## 788305530                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.319058, 3.318369, 3.317952, 3.317906, 3.319472, 3.319955, 3.320594, 3.320527, 3.320484, 3.320376, 3.320121, 3.319639, 3.319593, 3.319492, 3.319491, 3.319411, 3.319354, 3.319342, 3.319058, 6.528101, 6.528001, 6.527933, 6.526208, 6.525704, 6.527583, 6.527159, 6.528244, 6.528360, 6.528647, 6.528590, 6.528529, 6.528526, 6.528530, 6.528495, 6.528497, 6.528497, 6.528173, 6.528101
## 790442209                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.361348, 3.361098, 3.361102, 3.361216, 3.361369, 3.361361, 3.361360, 3.361348, 6.495705, 6.495599, 6.495469, 6.495509, 6.495561, 6.495664, 6.495712, 6.495705
## 795018742                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.522095, 3.522271, 3.522714, 3.522620, 3.522095, 6.592733, 6.592118, 6.592286, 6.592808, 6.592733
## 795540036                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.415044, 3.415280, 3.415283, 3.415047, 3.415044, 6.427686, 6.427682, 6.427844, 6.427848, 6.427686
## 795581891                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.370959, 3.370750, 3.371110, 3.371319, 3.370959, 6.511046, 6.511533, 6.511685, 6.511199, 6.511046
## 802983686                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.464045, 3.464380, 3.464386, 3.464050, 3.464045, 6.428629, 6.428636, 6.428370, 6.428364, 6.428629
## 803289541                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3.371863, 3.371069, 3.372217, 3.372153, 3.373811, 3.373938, 3.374942, 3.375777, 3.373944, 3.371863, 6.509016, 6.510899, 6.511389, 6.511598, 6.512427, 6.512167, 6.512567, 6.510583, 6.509861, 6.509016
## 803294342                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.372657, 3.373387, 3.373628, 3.373671, 3.373760, 3.373803, 3.373784, 3.372987, 3.372657, 6.510326, 6.510452, 6.509927, 6.509900, 6.509900, 6.509812, 6.509769, 6.509450, 6.510326
## 803340531                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.337518, 3.337492, 3.337595, 3.337621, 3.337518, 6.461183, 6.461004, 6.460989, 6.461168, 6.461183
## 803347476                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.380310, 3.380197, 3.380190, 3.380302, 3.380310, 6.529036, 6.529034, 6.529365, 6.529367, 6.529036
## 803349307                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.330036, 3.330110, 3.329957, 3.329883, 3.330036, 6.497996, 6.497922, 6.497770, 6.497843, 6.497996
## 803362520                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.387147, 3.387469, 3.387732, 3.387458, 3.387147, 6.492719, 6.492959, 6.492636, 6.492559, 6.492719
## 803364243                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.380454, 3.380556, 3.380837, 3.380746, 3.380454, 6.484301, 6.484341, 6.483659, 6.483619, 6.484301
## 888425357                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.336925, 3.337042, 3.337102, 3.336984, 3.336925, 6.447605, 6.447629, 6.447341, 6.447317, 6.447605

Visualising queried data with ggplot2 and ggmap

We can visualise the retrieved data about hospitals in Lagos using the ggplot2 package. We can easily visualise simple feature objects using the geom_sf() function of ggplot2.

# install.packages("ggplot2")
library(ggplot2)

ggplot() +
  geom_sf(data = lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons)

While the visualisation above provides useful information about the spread of hospitals in Lagos, it would be useful to plot the locations of hospitals overlayed on a map of Lagos. For this we use the ggmap package. To get a map of Lagos, we use the get_map() function provided by the ggmap package. Here we have used the maptype “roadmap”, but the function allows many more map types which can be found here.

library(ggmap)
lagos_map <- get_map(lagos_bb, maptype = "roadmap")

Then we call ggmap() with the background map retreived map using get_map(), and overlay the spatial data of the hospitals on it using geom_sf(). Note how we have changed the colour and outline line size of the polygons, filled them in and also changed the opacity to introduce some transparency to the polygons. We also set inherit.aes = FALSE to use the aesthetic mappings of the spatial object lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons.

ggmap(lagos_map) +
  geom_sf(
    data = lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons,
    inherit.aes = FALSE,
    colour = "#08519c",
    fill = "#08306b",
    alpha = .5,
    size = 1
  ) +
  labs(x = "", y = "")

Examples

The following is a complete example of using the osmdata package to retrieve data of hospitals in Lagos and ggmap to visualise them.

# install.packages(c("osmdata", "ggplot2", "ggmap"))
library(osmdata)
library(ggplot2)
library(ggmap)

# creating bounding box for Lagos
lagos_bb <- getbb("Lagos")

# retrieving data of hospitals in Lagos
lagos_hospitals <- lagos_bb %>%
  opq() %>%
  add_osm_feature(key = "amenity", value = "hospital") %>%
  osmdata_sf()

# retrieving map of lagos
lagos_map <- get_map(lagos_bb, maptype = "roadmap")

# visualising map of lagos overlayed by hospitals in lagos
ggmap(lagos_map) +
  geom_sf(
    data = lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons,
    inherit.aes = FALSE,
    colour = "#08519c",
    fill = "#08306b",
    alpha = .5,
    size = 1
  ) +
  labs(
    title = "Hospitals in Lagos(Nigeria)",
    x = "Latitude",
    y = "Longitude"
  )

The osmdata package can also be used to download other spatial features such as highways and rivers in Lagos, and overlay them on top of each other using ggplot2 to create a map of Lagos. For this we create multiple queries for each feature as follows.

library(osmdata)
library(ggplot2)

# creating bounding box for Lagos
lagos_bb <- getbb("Lagos")

# retrieving data of streets in Lagos
lagos_streets <- lagos_bb %>%
  opq() %>%
  add_osm_feature("highway", c("motorway", "primary", "secondary", "tertiary")) %>%
  osmdata_sf()

# retrieving data of small streets in Lagos
lagos_small_streets <- lagos_bb %>%
  opq() %>%
  add_osm_feature(key = "highway", value = c("residential", "living_street", "unclassified", "service", "footway")) %>%
  osmdata_sf()

# retrieving data of rivers in Lagos
lagos_rivers <- lagos_bb %>%
  opq() %>%
  add_osm_feature(key = "waterway", value = "river") %>%
  osmdata_sf()

# retrieving data of hospitals in Lagos
lagos_hospitals <- lagos_bb %>%
  opq() %>%
  add_osm_feature("amenity", "hospital") %>%
  osmdata_sf()

Then we use the ggplot2 package to visualise each of these features along with the hospitals in Lagos. Note how we have used different colours, line sizes (thicknesses) and opacities to differentiate among the features.

# visualising all retrieved features over each other to form a map of Lagos
ggplot() +
  geom_sf(data = lagos_streets$osm_lines, inherit.aes = FALSE, color = "#ffbe7f", size = .4, alpha = .8) +
  geom_sf(data = lagos_small_streets$osm_lines, inherit.aes = FALSE, color = "#a6a6a6", size = .2, alpha = .8) +
  geom_sf(data = lagos_rivers$osm_lines, inherit.aes = FALSE, color = "#7fc0ff", size = .8, alpha = .5) +
  geom_sf(data = lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons, inherit.aes = FALSE, colour = "#08519c", fill = "#08306b", alpha = .5, size = 1) +
  coord_sf(xlim = c(3.23, 3.56), ylim = c(6.4, 6.629), expand = FALSE) +
  theme_bw() +
  labs(
    title = "Hospitals in Lagos(Nigeria)",
    x = "Latitude",
    y = "Longitude"
  )

We can also use the leaflet package to visualise an interactive map of the hospitals in Lagos.

# install.packages("leaflet")
library(leaflet)

leaflet() %>%
  addTiles() %>%
  addPolygons(
    data = lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons,
    label = lagos_hospitals$osm_polygons$name
  )

References


Last updated: 2021-11-30
Source code: https://github.com/rspatialdata/rspatialdata.github.io/blob/main/osm.Rmd

Tutorial was complied using: (click to expand)
## R version 4.1.1 (2021-08-10)
## Platform: x86_64-w64-mingw32/x64 (64-bit)
## Running under: Windows 10 x64 (build 19042)
## 
## Matrix products: default
## 
## locale:
## [1] LC_COLLATE=English_United States.1252 
## [2] LC_CTYPE=English_United States.1252   
## [3] LC_MONETARY=English_United States.1252
## [4] LC_NUMERIC=C                          
## [5] LC_TIME=English_United States.1252    
## 
## attached base packages:
## [1] stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods   base     
## 
## other attached packages:
## [1] leaflet_2.0.4.1 ggmap_3.0.0     ggplot2_3.3.5   osmdata_0.1.8  
## 
## loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
##  [1] Rcpp_1.0.7          lubridate_1.8.0     lattice_0.20-44    
##  [4] tidyr_1.1.4         png_0.1-7           class_7.3-19       
##  [7] assertthat_0.2.1    digest_0.6.28       utf8_1.2.2         
## [10] plyr_1.8.6          R6_2.5.1            evaluate_0.14      
## [13] e1071_1.7-9         httr_1.4.2          highr_0.9          
## [16] pillar_1.6.4        RgoogleMaps_1.4.5.3 rlang_0.4.11       
## [19] curl_4.3.2          jquerylib_0.1.4     rmarkdown_2.11     
## [22] stringr_1.4.0       selectr_0.4-2       htmlwidgets_1.5.4  
## [25] munsell_0.5.0       proxy_0.4-26        compiler_4.1.1     
## [28] xfun_0.26           pkgconfig_2.0.3     htmltools_0.5.2    
## [31] tidyselect_1.1.1    tibble_3.1.5        fansi_0.5.0        
## [34] crayon_1.4.2        dplyr_1.0.7         withr_2.4.2        
## [37] sf_1.0-3            bitops_1.0-7        wk_0.5.0           
## [40] grid_4.1.1          jsonlite_1.7.2      gtable_0.3.0       
## [43] lifecycle_1.0.1     DBI_1.1.1           magrittr_2.0.1     
## [46] units_0.7-2         scales_1.1.1        KernSmooth_2.23-20 
## [49] stringi_1.7.5       farver_2.1.0        sp_1.4-5           
## [52] xml2_1.3.2          bslib_0.3.1         ellipsis_0.3.2     
## [55] generics_0.1.1      vctrs_0.3.8         rjson_0.2.20       
## [58] s2_1.0.7            tools_4.1.1         glue_1.5.0         
## [61] purrr_0.3.4         crosstalk_1.1.1     jpeg_0.1-9         
## [64] fastmap_1.1.0       yaml_2.2.1          colorspace_2.0-2   
## [67] classInt_0.4-3      rvest_1.0.2         knitr_1.36         
## [70] sass_0.4.0

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Reuse: Text and figures are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 4.0.